Morocco has ten national parks that are gradually opening up to ecotourism. The 28,000 km2 occupied by the protected areas are 6% of the total area of the country. The Mediterranean forest of North Africa, the montane forest of conifers, the steppe of the Great Atlas and the northern Sahara are the biomasses that can be enjoyed in these Moroccan protected areas.
The national parks of Morocco are:
- Alhucemas. Located in the north of the country, 150 kilometers east of the Strait of Gibraltar. The mediterranean vegetation and species such as the araar, the fishing eagle or the Audouin gull are some of the values of its biodiversity.
- High Atlas. Located in the easternmost part of the mountain range. occupies an area of 49,000 hectares. Cuvier's gazelles are precious species of fauna of this Moroccan protected area.
- Souss-Massa. On, southwest of the country in the Atlantic coast. It was established in 1980 and includes Oued Massa Biological Reserve. It has an extension of 720 km2. The most important environmental elements are Aeneas, argan forests, 25 species of reptiles and amphibians, as well as birds such as storks, herons and ducks.
- Toubkal. It is the oldest national park. It is rich in medicinal and aromatic plants. It is one of the best used spaces for ecotourism, not in vain, it is the most visited protected area in Morocco.
- Tazekka. Located at just 30 kilometers from Taza in the Jebel Tazekka massif. The Ras Oued Waterfalls or the Chiker Caves are some of the amazing places of this protected space. Holm oaks and cedars abound.
- Talassemtane, Dakhia, Khenifiss, Ifrane and Merja Zerga complete the structure of protected national parks of the Alawi country.
Ecotourism is growing in the North African kingdom, understandable knowing the wonders that have these ten Moroccan environmental
Located in the central part of Morocco, at 150 km from Marrakech, in the Atlas Mountains are the most impressive waterfalls in North Africa, with a height of 110 meters. In the surroundings we have green valleys, mills, orchards and a magnifical circuit of gorges of the river El Abid (in Arabic, "river slave"). Many local and national associations lead projects to protect and preserve the site.
A succession of palm groves, kasbahs and Berber villages. The Draa is one of the longest rivers in Morocco, born in the High Atlas and flows into the Atlantic by Cap Draa. The richest stretch of the valley is between Agds and Zagora.
Thousand kasbahs road goes from Ouarzazate to Tineghir and the Gorges of Todra. The kasbahs that the Berbers built to defend themselves from the invaders can be contemplated along entire route, and the Dades River meanders through the valley with impressive desert landscapes, villages, forests and palm groves.
Lands where fruit trees, olive trees, birches and almonds grow protected by spectacular rock formations from the desert wind and the cold of the atlas are water by this reiver.
Todra gorge opens up only at 15 km from Tinerhir, at the end of a dense valley with impressive palm groves and Berber villages, a huge fault in the plateau that separates the High Atlas from Jebel Sarhro, with a crystal waters river and a height of 300 m at its narrowest point.
Ziz and Tafilalet Valleys
The historical region of Tafilalet is located in the Southeast of Morocco. In this region we can found a group of oases that were traditionally the point of arrival in Morocco of the Trans-Sahara caravans.
The Oasis of Tafilalet (reserve of the Biosphere), has given the name to the whole valley, is the largest palm grove in the world, with 800,000 date palms. It is the last great oasis before the desert and the immense stretches of sand of the Sahara.
Near the small village of Merzouga we can find Erg Chebbi, the only authentic Saharan erg in Morocco. It is a magical landscape that deserves much more than just a glance at sunrise.
It is composed of fascinating dunes that change from pink to golden and red depending on the time of day. Silence and peace reach inside.
Although there is much controversy with the tourist explotation, the truth is that a dromedary ride to a haimas camp and a night between the sand and the stars are a unique and totally recommendable experience.
The Atlas Mountains (Arabic: جِـبَـال الْأَطْـلَـس, translit. jibāl al-ʾaṭlas; Berber languages: ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⵡⴰⵟⵍⴰⵙ, idurar n waṭlas) are a mountain range in the Maghreb. It stretches around 2,500 km (1,600 mi) through Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. The range's highest peak is Toubkal, with an elevation of 4,167 metres (13,671 ft) in southwestern Morocco.
It separates the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines from the Sahara Desert. The Atlas mountains are primarily inhabited by Berber populations. The terms for 'mountain' in some Berber languages are adrar and adras, which are believed to be cognates of the toponym Atlas. The mountains are home to a number of animal and plants unique in Africa, often more like those of Europe; many of them are endangered and some have already gone extinct.
We will cross this mountain range both on the way from Fez to the desert through the High Atlas by the pass of Tizi N'talghom at 1,907 meters and the gorges of Ziz and Ksour as to get from Marrakech to the desert we will cross the High Atlas by the port of Tizi n ' Tichka, of 2,260 of altitude or that of Tizi n Tifn (1660 meters).